EL PROGRAMA MINIMALISTA CHOMSKY PDF
Chomsky, Noam. “A minimalist program for linguistic theory”. En: Hale, Kenneth L. and S. Jay Keyser, eds. The view from. El programa minimalista by Chomsky, Noam and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at Chomsky – El programa minimalista Cap Uploaded by Ezequiel Pérez Clau Annovelli. Copyright: © All Rights Reserved. Download as PDF or read online.
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In linguisticsthe minimalist program MP is a major line of inquiry that has been developing inside generative grammar since the early s, starting with a paper miinimalista Noam Chomsky.
Chomsky presents MP as a programnot as a theory, following Imre Lakatos ‘s distinction. Ultimately, the MP provides chhomsky conceptual framework used to guide the development of linguistic theory. In minimalism, Chomsky attempts to approach universal grammar from below—that is, proposing the question “what would be the optimal answer to what the theory of i-Language should be?
For Chomsky, there are minimalist questions, but the answers can be framed in any theory. Of all these questions, the two that play the most crucial role proggrama The MP appeals to the idea that the language ability in humans shows signs of being incorporated under an optimal design with exquisite organization, which seems to suggest that the inner workings conform to a very simple computational law or a particular mental organ.
In other words, the MP works on the assumption that universal grammar constitutes a perfect design in the sense that it contains only what is necessary to meet humans’ conceptual and physical phonological needs. From a theoretical standpoint, and in the context of generative grammarthe MP draws on the minimalist approach of the principles and parameters program, considered to be the ultimate standard theoretical model that generative linguistics has developed since the s.
What this approach suggests is the existence of a fixed set of principles valid for all languages, which, when combined with settings for a finite set of binary switches parametersmay describe the specific properties that characterize the language system a child eventually comes to attain. The Eel aims to get to know how much of the principles and parameters model can be taken as a result of this minumalista optimal and computationally efficient design of the human language faculty.
In turn, more developed versions of the Principles and Parameters approach provide technical principles from which the MP can be seen to follow. The MP aims at the further development of ideas involving economy of derivation and economy of representationwhich had started to become significant in the early s, but were still peripheral aspects of transformational grammar.
The exploration of minimalist questions has led to several radical changes in the technical apparatus of transformational generative grammatical theory. Some of the most important are: A major development of MP inquiry is bare phrase structure BPSa theory of phrase structure sentence building prior to movement developed by Noam Chomsky.
This theory contrasts chmsky X-bar theorywhich preceded it, in four important ways:. BPS incorporates two basic operations: Although there is active debate on exactly how “move” should be formulated, the differences between the current proposals are relatively minute. The following description follows Chomsky’s original proposal. The label identifies the properties of the phrase. For example, “merge” can operate on the lexical items “drink” and “water” to give “drink water”.
Note that the phrase “drink water” behaves more like the verb drink than like the noun water. That is, wherever the verb drink can be put, so too can the phrase “drink water”:. Furthermore, the phrase “drink water” can not typically be put in the same places as the noun water:. It can be said, “There’s some water on the table”, but not “There’s some drink water on the table”. So, the phrase is identified with a label.
In chomsjy case of “drink prgrama, the label is drink since the phrase acts as a verb. For simplicity, this phrase is called a verb phrase Prigrama.
If “cold” and “water” were merged to get “cold water”, this would peograma a noun phrase NP with the label “water”; it follows that the phrase “cold water” can appear in the same environments as the noun water in the three test sentences above. So, for drink waterthere is the following:. This can be represented in a typical syntax tree as follows:.
Merge can also operate on structures already built.
If it could not, then such a system would predict only two-word utterances to be grammatical. If a new head is merged with a previously formed object a phrasethe function has the form. This corresponds to the following tree structure:. Merge operates blindly, projecting labels in all possible combinations. The subcategorization features of the head then license certain label projections and eliminate all derivations with alternate projections.
A ” phase ” is a syntactic domain first hypothesized by Noam Chomsky in Movement of a constituent out of a chomaky is in chomsy general case only permitted if the constituent has first moved to the left edge of the phase. This condition is described in the phase impenetrability conditionwhich has been variously formulated within the literature.
In its original conception, only the v P in transitive and unergative verbs constitute phases. The v P in passives and unaccusative verbs if even present are not phases. This topic is, however, currently under prrograma in the literature.
In the late s, David E. Johnson and Shalom Lappin published the first detailed critiques of Chomsky’s minimalist program. They compare the adoption of this paradigm by linguistic researchers to other historical paradigm shifts in natural sciences and conclude that of the minimalist program has been an “unscientific revolution”, driven primarily by Chomsky’s authority in linguistics.
The several replies to the article in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory Volume 18 number 4 make a number of different defenses of the minimalist program. Some claim that it is not in fact revolutionary progeama not in fact widely adopted, while others agree with Lappin and Johnson on these points, but defend the vagueness of its formulation as not problematic in light of its status as a research program rather than mihimalista theory see above.
El programa minimalista – Noam Chomsky, Eduardo Paiva Raposo – Google Books
Much research has been devoted to the study of the consequences that arise when minimalist questions are formulated. This list is not exhaustive.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Linguistics Outline History Index.
A minimalist program for linguistic theory. MIT occasional papers in linguistics no. Origins, Concepts, Methods, and Aims. Origins, Concepts, Methods and Aimspp. Origins, Concepts, Methods and Aims. A Generative Introduction2nd Edition. Blackwell, and Cook, Vivian J. Government and Binding Theory and the Minimalist Program: Principles and Parameters in Syntactic Theory.
An Introduction to Minimalist Syntax. Cambridge University Press; and Boeckx, Cedric. Oxford University Press; and also Carnie, Andrew. In Evolution and Revolution in Linguistic Theory. Prohrama in honor of Carlos Otero.
CHOMSKY El Programa Minimalista ENTERO
Hector Campos and Paula Kempchinsky, 51— Bare phrase structure, label-less structures, and specifier-less syntax: Is Minimalism becoming a dependency grammar? The Linguistic Review Republished prgorama in R. Some Interface Properties of the phrase. In Foundational Issues in Linguistic Theory. Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud. Local Constraints vs Economy. A Reply to our Critics.
CHOMSKY El Programa Minimalista ENTERO – Free Download PDF
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